Jinnah’s Fourteen Points

Jinnah in Delhi announced the Fourteen Points on 28th March 1929 at a meeting of Muslim League. It did not accept the Nehru report on the ground that it discarded separate electorates and other demands of minorities and presented his Fourteen Points.
1. The form of the future constitution of India should be federal with residuary powers vested in the provinces.
2. A uniform measure of autonomy should be granted to all provinces.
3. All legislatures and other elected bodies should be constituted on the definite principle of adequate and effective representation of minorities.
4. In the central legislature Muslim representation should not be less than 1/3.
5. Representation of communal groups should continue to be by separate electorates as at present provided that it should be open to any community at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favor of joint electorate.
6. Any territorial redistribution should not affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and the NWFP.
7. Full liberty of belief, worship and observance propaganda, association and education should be guaranteed to all communities.
8. No bill or resolution or any party should be passed in any legislature or any other elected body if three-fourths of the members of any community in that body opposed it as being injurious to the interests of that community.
9. Sind should be separated from the Bombay Presidency.
10. Reforms should be introduced in the NWFP and Baluchistan on the same footing as in other provinces.
11. Adequate share for Muslims should be provided in the constitution in all services of the state subject to the requirements of efficiency.
12. Adequate safeguards for the protection and promotion of Muslim culture, education, language, religion, personal laws and charitable institutions and for their due share in the grants-in-aid given by the state should be provided in the constitution.
13. No cabinet either central or provincial should be formed without at least 1/3 of the ministers being Muslims.
14. No changes should be made in the Constitution by the Central Legislature except with the concurrence of the state constituting the Indian federation.